There are many phonics reading programs that make huge promises concerning how quickly your child can learn how to read. Watch & read our phonics reading program reviews and decide for yourself which system you should use to teach your child how to read.
While you are searching for the perfect reading program for your child, here are a few terms that you should be familiar with.
- Phonemic Awareness: is knowing the sounds in words. Before children learn that all the letters represent sounds, they must first hear those sounds. Playing songs along with reading out stories that contain rhyme is a very important exercise that helps the child hear the different letter and word sounds. For example, if you read Humpty Dumpty your child will notice that not only does Humpty and Dumpty sound alike but men and again and also wall and fall do to. He or she will then start to realize that words are not randomly constructed but are made of units of sound.
- Phonics: By now, your child has had a lot of fun with nursery rhymes so now it’s time to introduce to them the concept that those sounds can be represented by using squiggly lines on paper and that these lines are called letters. You are using phonics when you show your child that single letters and combination of letters represents sounds. You may begin introducing the concept of phonics by showing your child the first letter and sound of his or her name and then introduce other words which start with the same letter such as Mary, mop, mat, moon etc…
- Sight words: If you were to count the number of words in your average, everyday piece of text, you would find that the same words like “they” and “were”, crop up many, many times. Those words appear so many times that a group of 220 of them make up about 70% of all your average written text. Because of this frequency, your child should know them by sight, hence the term “sight words”.
- Decoding: Breaking up words and reading one bit at a time is called decoding. For example, if your child were reading the word paper, he or she would read it in two parts -PA and PER.
- Encoding:Now, breaking up words and writing one bit at a time is called encoding. When encoding the word “paper“, your child would say the 2 parts (PA and PER) to herself and then proceed to write them down.
- Grammar & Syntax: These terms actually can mean the same thing; knowing how sentences are constructed in a grammatically correct fashion. For example, knowing when to use is and are; understanding the correct usage and order of words; and getting the proper tenses correct.
As soon as your child starts to read, he or she will need to understand how to sound out, recognize the sight words and read around and between the lines in a controlled pattern. Knowing this, you can now search for a phonics reading program that will help your child with:
- Sounding Out
- Getting To Recognize Sight Words Quickly
- Doing Guided Reading (meaning you guide her as she reads)
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